这是我们在2017年为澳洲卧龙岗大学的学弟学妹做的一篇教育学论文代写。本文主要是介绍APST教学标准，APST标准包括七个标准，每个标准涵盖几个重点。 这七项标准包括：（1）了解学生及其学习方法;（2）了解教学内容和教学方式;（3）有效教学和学习的计划和实施;（4）创建和维护安全和支持性 学习环境，（5）对学生学习进行评估，反馈和报告，（6）积极开展专业学习和思考，（7）为学校和专业团体做出贡献（QCT，2011）。 这七个标准可以分为学习者的知识，学科内容和学科教学知识，教学过程管理，环境管理，评价和教师专业发展策略，
APST Standards include seven standards, and each standards covers several focuses. The seven standards include: (1) understanding students and how they learn, (2) knowing the teaching content and the way of teaching, (3) Plan and implementation of effective teaching and learning, (4) Creating and maintaining a safe and supportive learning environment, (5) making assessment, feedback and reporting on the student learning, (6) actively carrying out professional learning and reflection, and (7) making contributions to the school and professional groups (QCT, 2011). The seven standards can be divided into learners' knowledge, subject content and subject teaching knowledge, teaching process management, environmental management, evaluation and teacher professional development strategies, which proposes specific requirements for teachers' professional development from the actual professional behavior of teachers. Most of these dimensions are directly related to learners, and teachers' professional development strategies also serve to promote learners' learning indirectly.
In standards 1, understanding students and how they learn, teachers should command the knowledge related to the students, including including students' backgrounds (race, religion, etc.) and their physical condition (physical development, intellectual development level, social cognitive level, etc.), learning and understanding ability, and interest (QCT, 2011). Australia is a multicultural country, different children may grow up in different cultural environment, such as language, race, religion and other aspects (AITSL, 2011). Therefore, understanding and respecting the cultural differences of students is important, and teachers should adopt corresponding teaching strategies according to these differences, so as to better promote the healthy growth of students. In addition, children of different ages in physics, psychology, intelligence, learning, understanding, interests are varying, so teachers should understand these differences in order to teach students in accordance with their aptitudes.
In Standard 2, knowing the teaching content and the way of teaching, teachers should command the subject knowledge, including subject content, pedagogical knowledge, curriculum, and information and communication technology knowledge (QCT, 2011). Novice teachers need to master the concepts, components, and basic applications of the knowledge. Mature teachers should not only have the basic requirements of novice teachers, but also have higher professional knowledge (Queensland Government, 2016). Mature teachers should skillfully apply this knowledge to their educational environment, who also can share their knowledge with novice teachers, so as to drive the other teachers to improve their understanding of subject knowledge and application.
在标准2中，教师要了解教学内容和教学方式，掌握学科知识，包括学科内容，教学知识，课程设置和信息与通信技术知识（QCT，2011）。 新手老师需要掌握知识的概念，组件和基本应用。 成熟的教师不仅要具备新手教师的基本要求，而且要具备较高的专业知识。