英文论文写作如何把事实转换成自己的观点

不知道留学生们有没有发现,在英文论文写作中,一样的topic却能写出两篇观点完全不同的论文,不管是正观点还是反观点,都似乎可以。我们怎么合理的解读“事实”以供自己论证所需,怎么样让事实为我们所用?我们要找到能支持段落的中心观点需要一定的技巧。下面就为大家推荐 3 个方法,帮助你找到解读“事实”的最佳姿势。

方法1:长短期之分

很多看似困难的东西,短期会带来很多的苦痛,而逐渐适应之后,就是能力的提高和飞跃。给大家举几个例子,看看大家能不能Get到点。
比如:留学好不好?
事实是:陌生的语言环境
短期解读:造成了很大的交流障碍,生活诸多不便
长期解读:极大锻炼了表达能力、生存能力

同一事实,作为正面例子,写成:
For example, living in an unfamiliar environment, the young can develop their communicative abilities and survival skills more rapidly than in their motherland, because they are forced to adapt to the new lives by using the local language.

作为反面例子,写成:
For example, living in an unfamiliar environment, the young are confronted with numerous challenges and inconvenience in both their study and daily life lxws.net, because they are forced to adapt to the new lives by using another language.

同题,又比如:
事实是:更加丰富的教学手段
短期解读:学生很难适应,成绩排名低,压力大
长期解读:强化了对专业知识的理解和认知

同一事实,作为正面例子,写成:
For instance, academic institutions abroad may have more diverse teaching methods, so the young who are so accustomed to their previous learning approaches may gain new insights in their courses, deepening their understanding of the subject and further motivating students to achieve better performance.

作为反面例子,写成:
For instance, academic institutions abroad may have more diverse teaching methods, but the young who are so accustomed to their previous learning approaches may find it hard to adapt to the new challenges, imposing pressure on them and further demotivating students to achieve better performance.

方法2:主客观之分

如果是人们主动想去做什么事情,往往可以做得很好。但是,最终能不能做成,还要取决于很多客观的条件。
比如:成年人是否应该独立学实践技能?
事实是:年纪较大
主观解读:理解能力上升
客观解读:记忆能力下降

同一事实,作为正面例子,写成:
The adult learners normally have already been learning for decades, so their abilities to acquire knowledge and process information are obviously better than the younger ones, which means that they are academically competent to master practical skills independently.

作为反面例子,写成:
The adult learners normally have already been learning for decades, so their abilities to memorize new knowledge and information are decreasing gradually with age, which means that they are academically incompetent to master
practical skills independently.

同题,又比如:
事实是:年纪较大
主观解读:专注度上升
客观解读:厌倦学习,容易分心

同一事实,作为正面例子,写成:
The adult learners normally have already been learning for decades, so their abilities to concentrate on the learning process are obviously better than the younger generation, which means that they are competent to master practical
skills independently without a teacher supervising their behaviors.

作为反面例子,写成:
The adult learners normally have already been learning for decades, so they might become unwilling to spend more time on study when many distractions such as work or social activities seem to be more crucial or recreational, which means that they are incompetent to master practical skills independently without a teacher supervising their behaviors.

方法3:过程和结果之分

写作中有过程和结果之分,比如奋斗的过程充满艰辛,但是结果往往甜蜜美好。关注前者,这个事情就是不好的,关注后者,往往可以成为正面的例子。
比如:移民好不好?
事实是:工资更高
过程解读:奋斗不容易,压力更大
结果解读:收入更高,生活更好

同一事实,作为正面例子,写成:
When living abroad, new immigrants in many cases have to work even harder in order to earn sufficient income to sustain a higher living standard. However, it is rewarding since they could live more comfortably than in their homeland.

作为反面例子,写成:
When living abroad, new immigrants in many cases have to work even harder in order to earn sufficient income to sustain a higher living standard. It is comparatively unrewarding as they could work less arduously but live comfortably in their homeland.
又比如:翻新老建筑好不好?
事实是:翻新需要大量资金
过程解读:费钱,政府财政压力大
结果解读:老建筑可以作为旅游景点,带动发展

同一事实,作为正面例子,写成:
In fact, preserving and restoring old buildings normally cost the government a large amount of money. After the refurbishment, the administrators may find the investment rewarding, because these ancient architectures could be magnets for tourists and stimuli for economic growth.

作为反面例子,写成:
In fact, preserving and restoring old buildings normally cost the government a large amount of money. During the refurbishment, the administrators may be financially overburdened, so other crucial fields cannot be adequately
supported.

以上就是关于英文论文写作的观点分析,举了这么多例子,就是为了告诉大家在英文写作中,同样的topic可以有相反的观点,只要你有理有据,完全可以把事实转换成自己的观点。

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